From Lexicon Leponticum
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Reading in transliteration: atep
Reading in original script: A21 sT3 dE7 dP d

Object: MI·2 Parabiago (cup)
Position: foot, outside
Direction of writing: dextroverse
Script: prob. North Italic script (Lepontic alphabet)
adapted to: Latin script
Letter height: 0.6–1 cm0.236 in <br />0.394 in <br />
Number of letters: 4–5
Number of words: 1
Number of lines: 1
Workmanship: scratched after firing
Condition: complete

Archaeological culture: Augustan [from object]
Date of inscription: late 1st c. BC [from object]

Type: unknown
Language: unknown
Meaning: unknown

Alternative sigla: Solinas 1995: 109
Morandi 2004: 132

Sources: Morandi 2004: 611 no. 132



First published in Tizzoni 1984: 72, no. 3. Examined for LexLep on 28th April 2022.

Images in Tizzoni 1984: tav. XLIV e (drawing = Solinas 1995: 367, no. 109), Frontini 1985: tav. 16.12 (drawing).

Inscribed in a curve on the foot of the cup, with the upper parts of the letters pointing outward. Initial alpha is retrograde and has a shortened first hasta; it may well have been intended as A22 s rather than A s. The bar of tau is slightly tilted in writing direction. Tizzoni's drawing correctly shows P d as the final letter; Morandi accordingly reads A21 sT3 dI dI dL2 d atiil or atiip, assuming an abbreviated personal name and comparing specifically atilonei. Frontini's drawing shows non-retrograde alpha A d as the final letter, and also Tibiletti Bruno 1984: 123 reads alpha (discounting the bar of tau and reading upsilon U d as second letter, followed by a single iota → auia in Latin script). However, the impression of a lower bar in the last letter is due to one of the concentric circles on the foot (and a combination of two different forms of alpha would be unlikely anyway); the last letter is either pi or, less likely, inverted lambda. Double iota is unusual; since Latin or Latinised script is indicated by tau with a hasta and made plausible by the low dating, the two verticals could be cursive Latin epsilon E7 d. atep is thus more likely epigraphically, and could be an abbreviation of a personal name like ateporix vel sim. (see the word page).

Corinna Salomon


Frontini 1985 Patrizia Frontini, La ceramica a vernice nera nei contesti tombali della Lombardia [= Archeologia dell'Italia Settentrionale 3], Como: 1985.