|Attestation:||TI·13 (pirạụịχeś) (1)|
|Word Type:||proper noun|
|Semantic Field:||personal name|
|Grammatical Categories:||nom. sg. animate|
|Morphemic Analysis:||bir(r)-a-u̯ik-ent-s or bir(r)-a-u̯ik-et-s|
|Phonemic Analysis:||/birau̯ikents/ or /birau̯ikets/|
See the inscription page on problems with the reading.
Probably a compound personal name. The ending -eś also occurs in siteś, where it is interpreted as an accusative plural. This is unlikely for the present form, in which we expect a personal name in the nominative, genitive or dative (cf. aśeś). Under this assumption, the form has been analysed as a participle in -ent- by Solinas 1995: 324, no. 10 (see also Motta 2000: 213 f., no. 24; Stifter 2010: 370), in which case the form provides evidence for *-n̥C- > -enC- rather than -anC- in Lepontic (see The Cisalpine Celtic Languages). Also possible is a derivation with the agentive suffix -et-. If the base is u̯ik- despite the spelling with chi, we can analyse the second element of the compound as u̯ik-ent-s 'fighting' or u̯ik-et-s 'fighter' (cf. cinges < *king-et-s 'attacker', Delamarre 2007: 65). With regard to the composition vowel, the first element appears to be bir- as in the birak-names rather than birro- 'short (see bir(r)-).
|Delamarre 2007||Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.|