From Lexicon Leponticum
Revision as of 00:32, 7 October 2022 by Corinna Salomon (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigationJump to search

Type: lexical
Meaning: 'favour, boon, fortune'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /rat/-
From PIE: *pr̥h₃-to- 'provided, bestowed'
From Proto-Celtic: *rato- 'that which is bestowed, a favour'
Attestation: ateratos


to-adjective from the PIE root *perh₃- 'provide' (LIV²: 474 f.). Lexically in OIr. rath 'favour, boon', W. rhad, MCorn. ras 'grace, favour', possibly Gaul. ratet, rat (RIG L-98), cf. Irslinger 2002: 272, DLG: 255, Matasović 2009: 140 s.v. *frato- (with literature on the irregular(?) short /a/). Element in numerous Gaulish personal names, e.g. suratus, ceniratus, dioratus, -a, ratumedia (attesting a formation with -tu-?), ratulla, see KGP: 256 f., GPN: 240 f., DLG: 255, Stüber 2005: 104, Delamarre 2007: 229 et passim.

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
GPN David Ellis Evans, Gaulish Personal Names. A Study of Continental Celtic Formations., Oxford: Clarendon Press 1967.