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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'run, race'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /ret/-
From PIE: *-ret-o- 'run'
From Proto-Celtic: *-reto- 'run, race'
Attestation: kituaretos, retalos


In Gaulish onomastics as second element of compound personal names (e.g. adretios, ueretus, uoretovirius), uncertain in simplex names (retecius?), see KGP: 258, GPN: 249–251, DLG: 33 s.v. adret-, Meid 2005: 115 f., Delamarre 2007: 230 et passim. Lexically in OIr. -red, MW rhed 'run', OBret. red 'run, race', etc. Thematic formation from the PIE root *ret- 'run' which is particular to Celtic (see NIL: 575). Cf. rit- with zero-grade from the same root. Variants with tau gallicum in the root auslaut (reds-, rett-, ress-, rest- etc.) are also from the same root, but with dental suffix (see NIL: 576).

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
GPN David Ellis Evans, Gaulish Personal Names. A Study of Continental Celtic Formations., Oxford: Clarendon Press 1967.