toutas

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Attestation: NO·21.2 (takoṣ:toutas:p̣ụ[/]ṇ?ḳ??tesaso:poikaṇị) (1)
Language: Cisalpine Gaulish
Word Type: noun

Grammatical Categories: gen. sg. fem.
Stem Class: ā

Morphemic Analysis: tou̯t-ās
Phonemic Analysis: /tou̯tās/
Cognates in: Italic, Germanic, Baltic, maybe Greek, Anatolian, Indo-Iranian
From PIE: *teu̯teh₂es 'of the people/tribe'
From Proto-Celtic: *teu̯tās 'of the people, tribe'
Meaning: 'of the people/tribe/community'

Commentary

The ā-stem noun f. PIE *teu̯-t-eh₂ > PC *teu̯tā 'people, tribe' > Gaul. teuta > touta is well attested in Celtic (OIr. túath, MW, MBret. tut, Celtib. toutam [acc.] etc.; Matasović 2009: 386 s.v. *towtā) as well as in other (especially Western) IE branches, and as a common basis for names (IEW: 1084, DLG: 295 f. s.v. teuta, touta). See also Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 187 f., McCone 1987: 116, Tibiletti Bruno 1989: 105, LEIA T-164 f., Lambert 1994: 54–56, 74, Schrijver 1995: 194, Irslinger 2002: 363 f., Prósper 2008: 20–24, Zair 2012: 235. So far, only one lexical attestation in the Cisalpine Celtic corpus, but see tou̯t- for derivations and names.

Corinna Salomon

Bibliography

DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.