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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'known, knowledge'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /its/-
From PIE: *u̯id-to-, *u̯id-tu- 'known, knowledge'
From Proto-Celtic: *u̯itso-, *u̯itsu- 'known, knowledge
Attestation: anareuiśeos, koiśa, uisa


Two t-abstracts from the PIE root *u̯ei̯d- 'see' (cf. u̯ind-) are continued in Celtic: *u̯id-to- 'known' (OIr. fess, MW gwys, MBret. gous) and *u̯id-tu- 'knowledge' (OIr. fiuss, W gwys), see NIL: 717–722, Irslinger 2002: 100 f., 266 f. The u-stem may appear as first element in Gaulish personal names in uisu- (DLG: 318 f., Delamarre 2007: 236 et passim). In the Cisalpine Celtic attestations, the decision between the two stems must depend on semantic considerations.

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.