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Reading in transliteration: teromui : kualui
Reading in original script: I sU sL sA23 sU sK4 sseparator3 sI sU sM sO sR sE2 sT s

Object: TI·26 Vira Gambarogno (stela)
Position: front
Orientation: 270°
Frame: waisted headtop and bottomtop and bottomfeet  (left: waisted head, middle: top and bottom, right: feet)
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Script: North Italic script (Lepontic alphabet)
Letter height: 4.5–16 cm1.772 in <br />6.299 in <br />
Number of letters: 13
Number of words: 2
Number of lines: 1
Workmanship: carved
Condition: complete

Archaeological culture: La Tène B, La Tène C
Date of inscription: 4th–mid-2nd c. BC

Type: funerary
Language: Celtic
Meaning: 'for Teromos son of Kuos'

Alternative sigla: Whatmough 1933 (PID): 267
Solinas 1995: 29
Motta 2000: 4
Morandi 2004: 25

Sources: Morandi 2004: 533 no. 25



First published in Giussani 1919. Examined for LexLep on 16th October 2023.

Images in Giussani 1919: 16, fig. 1 (photo) and 17, fig. 2 (drawing), Morandi 2004: 236, fig. 9.25 (drawing), Motta 2000: 199, fig. 3 (photo = Stifter 2020: ?).

Inscribed in a single line within a frame running from bottom to top (length 79.5 cm); the neck and beginning of the head of the anthropomorphic figure are preserved on top, while the bottom end is executed with stylised feet (Piana Agostinetti 2004: 147). The frame is of uneven width (max. 19.5 cm in the middle, 12 cm at the neck). The inscription is thus complete (pace Tibiletti Bruno 1975: 53); no traces of a word divider or letters can be seen on the intact surface above final iota. The usual pala is not part of the text; the inscription consists in the name of the deceased (individual name + patronym) in the dative. See the word pages for details.

De Marinis & Motta 1991: 206 tentatively ascribe the stela to their type B (anthropomorphic frame closed at the bottom), but the narrowing at the neck and presence of feet indicate type C (hence the dating as given above). Morandi 2004 dates the inscription to the first half of the 4th c. BC.

See also Pometta 1917, Pisani 1964: 281, no. 118 A, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 139, 188.

Corinna Salomon


De Marinis & Motta 1991 Raffaele C. De Marinis, Filippo Motta, "Una nuova iscrizione lepontica su pietra da Mezzovico (Lugano)", Sibrium 21 (1990–1991), 201–225.
Giussani 1919 Antonio Giussani, "L'iscrizione nord-etrusca di Vira-Gambarogno", Rivista archeologica della provincia e antica diocesi di Como 76–78 (1917–1918 [1919]), 15–21.