u̯ik-

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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'fight'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /ik/-
From PIE: *u̯ik- 'fight'
From Proto-Celtic: *u̯ik- 'fight'
Attestation: )uikalai, pirauiχeś, viku, viχu

Commentary

Verbal root PC *u̯ik- from the PIE root *u̯eik- 'fight' (*u̯ik-é/ó- > OIr. fichid etc. (LEIA: D-140), MW amwyn, MBret. amouez 'set free' < *ambi-u̯ik-o-; IEW: 1128 f., LIV²: 670 f., Matasović 2009 s.v. *wik-o-). Attested in Continental Celtic with various stems in personal names (e.g., uiridouix, brigouicis, diouicus, uiruico, ueruicia, uicarus, uicasius), ethnonyms (e.g., brannouices, eburouices, latouici) and maybe epithets (ελκεσοουιξ, G-146 βλανδοουικουνιαι), see AcS III: 281, 419, KGP: 285–287, GPN: 281–285, DLG: 318, Delamarre 2007: 236 et passim).

Corinna Salomon

Bibliography

AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896–1907.
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
GPN David Ellis Evans, Gaulish Personal Names. A Study of Continental Celtic Formations., Oxford: Clarendon Press 1967.