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Attestation: TI·13 (pirạụịχeś) (1)
Status: probable
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. animate
Stem Class: t

Morphemic Analysis: bir(r)-a-u̯ik-ent-s or bir(r)-a-u̯ik-et-s
Phonemic Analysis: /birau̯ikents/ or /birau̯ikets/
Meaning: 'Pirauiχeś'


See the inscription page on problems with the reading.

Probably a compound personal name. The ending -eś also occurs in siteś, where it is interpreted as an accusative plural. This is unlikely for the present form, in which we expect a personal name in the nominative, genitive or dative (cf. aśeś). Under this assumption, the form has been analysed as a participle in -ent- by Solinas 1995: 324, no. 10 (see also Motta 2000: 213 f., no. 24; Stifter 2010: 370), in which case the form provides evidence for *-n̥C- > -enC- rather than -anC- in Lepontic (see The Cisalpine Celtic Languages). Also possible is a derivation with the agentive suffix -et-. If the base is u̯ik- despite the spelling with chi, we can analyse the second element of the compound as u̯ik-ent-s 'fighting' or u̯ik-et-s 'fighter' (cf. cinges < *king-et-s 'attacker', Delamarre 2007: 65). With regard to the composition vowel, the first element appears to be bir- as in the birak-names rather than birro- 'short (see bir(r)-).

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.