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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'walk, stride'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /keng/-
From PIE: *gʰengʰ- 'walk, stride' (?)
From Proto-Celtic: *keng-
Attestation: eskiko, eskikorikos, kiketu


The lexical morpheme king- (OIr. cingid) is well attested in Continental Celtic personal names, often with a prefix eχs-, indicating a lexical verbal compound *eχsking- 'step out, attack'; cf. the derivation kinget- 'warrior' (in personal names cingetorix, vercingetorix; OIr. cing; Irslinger 2002: 58). On the PIE etymology, doubtful because of unexpected k instead of g in the anlaut, see IEW: 438 f., LEIA: C-102, LIV²: 175 f.; Matasović 2009 s.v. *keng- prefers the root *(s)keng- 'walk lamely' (IEW 930, LIV²: 555). See KGP: 171 f., GPN: 177, Lambert 1994: 115, DLG: 116, Stüber 2005: 95 f., Meid 2005: 174, Delamarre 2007: 216 et passim. [e] > [ɪ] before [nt] is with few exceptions spelled ⟨i⟩ in Gaulish.

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.