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Attestation: VR·29 (eskiko) (1)
Language: Cisalpine Gaulish
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name
Grammatical Categories: masc.
Stem Class: ?

Morphemic Analysis: eχs-king-ū or eχs-king-o(s)
Phonemic Analysis: /eskingō/ or /eskingo/
Meaning: 'Eskingo'


Most probably a masculine name in the singular. The prefix eχs- 'out (of)' (dissimilated es- before the following guttural; cf. Raybould & Sims-Williams 2009: 154) and the verb king- 'step, stride' form a probably lexical verbal compound *esking- 'step out, attack' → 'foot-soldier, warrior', attested in Gaulish personal names, e.g., excingus, excingius; see KGP: 212; GPN: 177, 202 f., DLG: 169, Stüber 2005: 95 f., Meid 2005: 174, Delamarre 2007: 99 f., Stüber et al. 2009: 269. If the form is complete, two interpretations are possible (Marchesini & Stifter 2018: 147):
1. It may be analysed as an ū-stem eskingū, derived with an individualising suffix, with either ū > ō or a Latinised ending o, with a comparandum in Gaul. excingo (Raybould & Sims-Williams 2009: 154).
2. Also possible is an o-stem eskikos with loss of final -s, cf. Gaul. excingus (Raybould & Sims-Williams 2009: 154f.).
Alternatively, eskiko could be an abbreviation of the complex composite eskikorikos, which is attested at the same necropolis. es, also at the same find place, may be an abbreviation of the name / either of the names.

David Stifter, Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.