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Hans Krahe, "Ligurisch und Indogermanisch", in: Helmut Arntz (ed.), Germanen und Indogermanen. Volkstum, Sprache, Heimat, Kultur. Festschrift für Hermann Hirt, Heidelberg: Winter 1936, II 241–255.
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Referring to the question of Ligurian, Krahe considers the Lepontic inscriptions in order to define whether they have to be included: the language is certainly Indo-European (of the Kentum group) and, in particular, a Celtic dialect. Therefore, the Lepontic inscriptions cannot be used for the linguistic definition of Ligurian. Krahe concludes that the "eigentliche" Ligurian language was pre-Indo-European, and that, later, was covered by an Indo-European stratum: the problem to determine which Indo-European language it was still remains.