From Lexicon Leponticum
Jump to navigationJump to search

Type: lexical
Meaning: 'around'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /ambi/-
From PIE: *h₂m̥bʰi- 'around'
From Proto-Celtic: *ambi- 'around'
Attestation: )peuesa


Common as first element in Gaulish personal names (e.g. ambiorix, ambimogidus), ethnonyms (e.g. ambitouti, ambisontes) and toponyms (e.g. ambianis > Amiens). Lexically in Gaul. ambactos 'servant' (Festus 2.20), possibly ambito (Lezoux, L-66 line 9), Gallo-Lat. ambosta 'what can be held in both hands' (FEW s.v.), Celtib. ampitiśeti (Botorrita I A5), ampi[ (Botorrita IV A4), and in Insular Celtic (OIr. imb, OW im, MBret. am, etc.). See AcS I: 117, KGP: 122–125, GPN: 134–137, DLG: 40–43, Delamarre 2007: 210 et passim, Prósper 2008: 43 f., 46, Matasović 2009 s.v., Uhlich 2010, Zair 2012: 36, Wodtko 2013: 222 f. Possibly also intensive function, cf. KGP: 122 f., GPN: 134.

Corinna Salomon


AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896–1907.
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
FEW Walther von Wartburg, Französisches etymologisches Wörterbuch, Bâle: 1922–2002.