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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'victory'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /kob/-
From PIE: *kobʰ-o- 'success' (?)
From Proto-Celtic: *kob-o- 'victory'
Attestation: kopiu


Sporadically attested in Gaulish personal names (uercobius, cobiatia, cobeia [theonym]) and toponyms (cobiomagos, cobogennates), see KGP: 174, GPN: 185, DLG: 120, Delamarre 2007: X (to be distinguished from names in com- with assimilation, KGP: 96–98, GPN: 183–186). Usually associated with rare OIr. (poetic) cob gl. buaid 'victory', which in turn is compared with ON happ 'good luck', OCS kobь 'fate' etc., all of which can be variously derived from a PIE root *kobʰ-, though the connection is somewhat tenuous (IEW: 610, DLG: 120, Matasović 2009 s.v. *kob(o)-, Kroonen 2013 s.v. *happ/bōn- 2).

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.