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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'five'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /pompe/-
From PIE: *penke- 'five'
From Proto-Celtic: *kenke- 'five'
Attestation: pompeteχuaios


Numeral 'five' (cardinal and combinatory) with assimilation of anlauting /p/ to /k/ and subsequent /k/ > /p/ in P-Celtic. Well attested lexically: Gaul. πομπεδουλα 'cinquefoil' in Pseudo-Dioscorides IV 42 (TLG: 121), OW pimp, OBret. pemp, Corn. pymp, OIr. cóic (DLG s.v. pempe, Matasović 2009: 102, 176 f.), onomastically in Gaul. pinpedunni (KGP: 256). The Cisalpine Celtic attestation has /o/ rather than /e/ (or later /i/, as in the ordinal Gaul. pinpetos at La Graufesenque) in the root, rounded after the PC labiovelar like Ir. cóic and πομπεδουλα (Prosdocimi 1984c: 431).

Corinna Salomon


DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.