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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'withe, willow'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /īt/-
From PIE: *u̯iH-tu- 'winding'
From Proto-Celtic: *u̯ītu- 'withe, willow'
Attestation: snaśiouitos, uitili, uitilios


Common element in Gaulish personal names, as first element in compound names (e.g. RIIG GAR-02-21 (RIG G-180) ουιτουρ, uituriga, uitubena) and in simplex names (e.g. uitus, uittia, uitunis), as well as in toponyms (e.g. uitudurum > Winterthur), see KGP: 298, Lochner von Hüttenbach 1989: 185, DLG: 323, Delamarre 2007: 236 et passim, Stüber et al. 2009: 276.

From the PIE root *u̯ei̯H- 'wind' (LIV²: 695). The Gaulish attestations point to a u-stem, which is derived by Stüber 2005: 108 f. from a regular zero-grade form PIE *u̯iH-tu-, which does not appear to be otherwise attested in Celtic; the morphology of the numerous other derivations of this root in Celtic is more complex, see Hamp 1974b, Irslinger 2002: 202–204, Zair 2012: 230.

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.