From Lexicon Leponticum
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Reading in transliteration: śium
Reading in original script: M4 sU2 sI sŚ s

Object: TI·24 Locarno (bottle)
Position: shoulder, outside
Direction of writing: sinistroverse
Script: North Italic script (Lepontic alphabet)
Letter height: 1.5 cm0.591 in <br />
Number of letters: 4
Number of words: 1
Number of lines: 1
Workmanship: scratched after firing
Condition: complete

Archaeological culture: La Tène D [from object]
Date of inscription: late 2nd–1st c. BC [from object]

Type: unknown
Language: unknown
Meaning: unknown

Alternative sigla: Morandi 2004: 278

Sources: Morandi 2004: 706 no. 278



First published in De Marinis & Biaggio Simona 2000 II: 462, no. 540. Examined for LexLep on 17th October 2023.

Image in Morandi 2004: 706 (drawing).

Inscribed on the shoulder of the vessel between the lines of two decorative circles (length 2.8 cm); the scratches are faint, but clearly visible. Mu appears with only three bars, which is irregular in the Lepontic alphabet, and the bars are very short, but no other reading is feasible. San in the anlaut is likely to represent /d/ (Stifter 2010: 372). The sequence śium should be expected to be an abbreviation of a personal name, but no comparanda are available in Gaulish onomastics (see the word page).

Corinna Salomon


De Marinis & Biaggio Simona 2000 Raffaele C. De Marinis, Simonetta Biaggio Simona (eds), I leponti tra mito e realtà. Raccolta di saggi in occasione della mostra Locarno, Castello Visconteo - Casorella, 20 maggio - 3 dicembre 2000, Verbania: Armando Dadò Editore 2000.