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Attestation: NM·9 (anatikou) (1)
Status: unlikely
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg.
Stem Class: on

Morphemic Analysis: ? (?)
Phonemic Analysis: unknown
Meaning: 'Tikou' (?)


Segmentation uncertain, see the inscription page.

If the sequence is a separate word, as assumed by Lejeune 1971: 128 f., it may be an on-stem personal name tikū (see the inscription page on the spelling), or an abbreviation of a compound with first element tiko- and second element starting in ° (thus Lejeune). Lejeune (n. 449) identifies the first element (or base) as tinc- as in tincorix, coticorix (also with dropped n, KGP: 278), also tinco on Noric coins (Göbl 1973: 70, 76, 83), tincia, tinc(i)us, durotincios, intinca/intincilo/intico, masuetinca (see Delamarre 2007: 234 et passim, and Evans 1970, De Bernardo Stempel 1999: 231, Meid 2005: 118 f., Falileyev 2010: 32 on the etymology). Alternative comparanda include names in tig- such as tigotalos (Delamarre 2007: 181), tigorix (Villar & Prósper 2005: 261) and (for a hypocoristic tigū) tigernilus, tigernacus, tigorninus with first element tigern- (OIr. tigern etc. 'lord', see DLG: 296, LEIA: T-63, Matasović 2009: 378 f., Delamarre 2007: 234 et passim, Schrijver 1995: 63–65), which forms the base of the ethnonym tigurini (a Helvetian tribe). Cf. also the hypocoristics ticco, ticconia etc. (Delamarre 2007: 181).

Corinna Salomon


De Bernardo Stempel 1999 Patrizia De Bernardo Stempel, Nominale Wortbildung des älteren Irischen. Stammbildung und Derivation [= Buchreihe der Zeitschrift für celtische Philologie 15], Tübingen: Niemeyer 1999.
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
Evans 1970 D. Ellis Evans, "Nomina celtica II. Duratius, tincorix, ? Celt. *baido-, W. aladur", Études Celtiques 12.2 (1970), 501–511.
Falileyev 2010 Alexander Falileyev, Dictionary of Continental Celtic Place-Names. A Celtic Companion to the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, Aberystwyth: CMCS 2010.