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Reading in transliteration: to
Reading in original script: O3 sT s
Variant reading: ot

Object: BG·40 Caravaggio (bowl)
Position: bottom, outside
Orientation: 180°
Direction of writing: ambiguous
Script: North Italic script
Letter height: 2–3 cm0.787 in <br />1.181 in <br />
Number of letters: 2
Number of words: 1
Number of lines: 1
Workmanship: scratched after firing
Condition: complete

Archaeological culture: La Tène D [from object]
Date of inscription: 1st century BC [from object]

Type: unknown
Language: perhaps Celtic
Meaning: abbreviation (?)

Alternative sigla: Solinas 1995: 35

Sources: Solinas 1995: 334 no. 35



First published in Castelfranco 1886: 239. Examined for LexLep on 27th April 2022.

Images in Tizzoni 1984: tav. III g (drawing), Frontini 1985: tav. 7.9 (drawing) and Olcese 1998: 331, tav. VII.8 (drawing).

Inscribed on the bottom of the bowl just above the foot (length 3.8 cm). The letters are mirror-symmetrical both horizontally and vertically, but the orientation seems to be inverted judging by the scratches (upside-down application being fairly common for short graffiti from the Bergamo area). The writing direction cannot be determined. Tibiletti Bruno 1984: 120 also considers a reading according to the Latin alphabet (<xo>/<ox>) or a North Italic reading R3 sT s, ultimately preferring ot because T s is larger than O3 s. Possibly an abbreviation of a personal name, as suggested by Tibiletti Bruno, who assumes that it is the name of the bowl's owner.

Corinna Salomon


Castelfranco 1886 [Pompeo] Castelfranco, "Liguri-Galli e Galli-Romani della Transpadana", Bullettino di Paletnologia Italiana 12 (1886), 194–212, 228–257.
Frontini 1985 Patrizia Frontini, La ceramica a vernice nera nei contesti tombali della Lombardia [= Archeologia dell'Italia Settentrionale 3], Como: 1985.