|Reading in transliteration:||????tios|
|Reading in original script:||????|
|Object:||BS·15 Gottolengo (bowl)|
|Direction of writing:||sinistroverse|
|Script:||North Italic script (Lepontic alphabet)|
|Letter height:||1.7–2.9 cm0.669 in <br />1.142 in <br />|
|Number of letters:||4|
|Number of lines:||1|
|Workmanship:||scratched after firing|
|Archaeological culture:||La Tène D 1 [from object]|
|Date of inscription:||late 2nd–early 1st c. BC [from object]|
|Alternative sigla:||Solinas 1995: 45|
Morandi 2004: 244
|Sources:||Morandi 2004: 676 no. 244|
First published in Tibiletti Bruno 1972.
Images in Tibiletti Bruno 1972: 110, fig. 1 (photo = Tibiletti Bruno 1975: tav. D.1) and fig. 2 (drawing), Frontini 1985: tav. 8.8 (drawing), Morandi 2001: 18, no. 14 (drawing), Morandi 2004: 679, fig. 27.244 (drawing), De Marinis & Motta 2007: 155, fig. 2.1 (drawing).
Inscribed upside-down on the bottom of the patera curving around the foot (length ca. 11 cm). While the sequence tios at the end is clearly recognisable and agreed upon by all scholars, the reading of the letters before it is unclear. Tibiletti Bruno 1972 identifies the first three lines as nu , followed by retrograde alpha , then a large and lopsided inverted upsilon , reading a personal name nautios. With regard to flag-shaped alpha and inverted upsilon, she argues that the alphabet of the inscription is a Venetic one, despite the absence of syllabic punctuation. (See also Tibiletti Bruno 1975: 162 f.) While initial nu is plausible, however, alpha and upsilon seem doubful. Solinas includes the inscription without a reading. Morandi 2001: 18 f., no. 14 (also 2004) reads iucui : atios, including a small horizontal scratch as a word separator and two faint scratches by the hasta before St. Andrew's cross to form alpha; he translates 'Atios (made an offering on behalf of) Iucos'. atios is indeed attested in VB·4, but iucui with its small and dislocated Latin and one inverted, one non-inverted upsilon is not plausible (cf. De Marinis & Motta 2007: 138). De Marinis in De Marinis & Motta 2007: 139 follows Tibiletti Bruno in reading the first letters as nu and alpha, tentatively identifies the long scratch in the middle as sigma, and takes into account one of Morandi's bars of alpha to get inverted upsilon: nasutios. The form is evidently a single, possibly compound personal name, but the reading must be considered unclear.
|De Marinis & Motta 2007||Raffaele C. de Marinis, Filippo Motta, "Iscrizioni del II e I secolo a.C. dal territorio insubre e cenomane", in: Francesca Moradini, Marina Volonté (eds), Contributi di archeologia in memoria di Mario Mirabella Roberti. Cavriana 15–16 ottobre 2005 [= Annali Benacensi 13–14], Brescia: 2007, 135–160.|
|Frontini 1985||Patrizia Frontini, La ceramica a vernice nera nei contesti tombali della Lombardia [= Archeologia dell'Italia Settentrionale 3], Como: 1985.|