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Reading in transliteration: ueca / atbiti / f
Reading in original script:    U dE4 dC dA25 d
A25 dT2 dB dI dT2 dI d
       V4 d

Object: VB·29 Stresa (stela)
Position: top, front
Direction of writing: dextroverse
Script: Latin script
Letter height: 6–8 cm2.362 in <br />3.15 in <br />
Number of letters: 11
Number of words: 3
Number of lines: 3
Workmanship: carved
Condition: complete

Archaeological culture: Augustan, Tiberian [from object]
Date of inscription: late 1st c. BC–early 1st c. AD [from object]

Type: funerary
Language: Latin
Meaning: 'Veca daughter of Atbitus'

Alternative sigla: Whatmough 1933 (PID): note xvii (b)
Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 18a
Morandi 2004: 72

Sources: Morandi 2004: 568 no. 72



First published in Ferrero 1889: 261 (a). Examined for LexLep on 20th April 2024.

Images in Ferrero 1889: 261 (drawing), Ponti 1896: 157, no. 198 (drawing from Fabretti's calque), Ferrero 1897: 60 (drawing from Fabretti's calque), Caramella & De Giuli 1993: 211 (drawing).

Inscribed in three centered lines in the upper area of the stela (length line 1 31.5 cm, line 2 29 cm; distance from top 11 cm). The script is Latin, the letters are executed with serifs. Mainardis 2009: 344 suggests that the V4 d for filius is written in a third line because it was felt to be a novel addition to the traditionally two-word name formulae.

The text is a Latinised name formula with individual name and filiation; both names are etymologically Celtic (see the word pages). See Ponti 1896: 157 f., Ferrero 1897: 60, no. 5, Danielsson 1909: 27, n. 2, Rhŷs 1913: 54 f., Whatmough PID 108, note xvii (b), Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 154, Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 172 f., no. 18a, Morandi 2004: 568, no. 72.

See the object page on the dating. Based on the absence of a frame and use of the Latin alphabet without Lepontic influence, VB·29 belongs to the latest layer of the attested Verbano gravestones.

See also Untermann 1959: 94, Untermann 1960: 280, 302.

Corinna Salomon


Caramella & De Giuli 1993 Pierangelo Caramella, Alberto De Giuli, Archeologia dell'Alto Novarese, Mergozzo: Antiquarium Mergozzo 1993.
Danielsson 1909 Olof August Danielsson, Zu den venetischen und lepontischen Inschriften [= Skrifter utgivna av Kungliga Humanistiska Vetenskaps-Samfundet i Uppsala 13.1], Uppsala – Leipzig: 1909.
Ferrero 1889 Ermanno Ferrero, "Regione XI. (Transpadana)", Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità (1889), 261–262.
Ferrero 1897 Ermanno Ferrero, "Iscrizioni di Chignolo Verbano", Atti della Società di Archeologia e Belle Arti per la provincia di Torino 7 (1897), 56–60.