ad-

From Lexicon Leponticum
Jump to navigationJump to search

Type: lexical
Meaning: 'to; very'
Function: intensifying
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /ad/-
From PIE: *h₂ed 'to, at'
From Proto-Celtic: *ad- 'to'
Attestation: akluśamoualos, atep, atepa, ateporix, atepu, aśkoneti, aśkonetio, aśmina, aśuesa

Commentary

The morpheme is frequently attested as first element of Gaulish compound personal names and ethnonyms (Holder 1896–1907 I: 37, KGP: 111–117, GPN: 128–131, DLG: 31, Delamarre 2007: 209 f. et passim, Matasović 2009 s.v., Wodtko 2013: 221 f., Dunkel 2014 II: 9 [*ad]). Cf. OIr. ad- 'to' etc. Its meaning is likely to be 'to' in compounds with verbal or substantive bases, while an intensifying function is common in compounds with adjectives.

Corinna Salomon

Bibliography

AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896–1907.
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
Dunkel 2014 George E. Dunkel, Lexikon der indogermanischen Partikeln und Pronominalstämme, Heidelberg: Winter 2014.
GPN David Ellis Evans, Gaulish Personal Names. A Study of Continental Celtic Formations., Oxford: Clarendon Press 1967.