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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'father'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /ater/-
From PIE: *ph₂tér 'father'
From Proto-Celtic: *φater- 'father'
Attestation: arkatokomaterekos, ateratos, aterio


The Gaulish word for 'father' (OIr. athair) is attested in the dative plural atrebo 'to the fathers' on the stela of Plumergat (RIIG MOR-01-01 [RIG L-15]) and in the vocative ater on a Châteaubleau tile (RIG L-93, line 6); see Matasović 2009: 126, LEIA: A-100, Lambert 1994: 16, DLG: 58, NIL: 555, 558, n. 16. Delamarre DLG: 58 and 2007: 211 et passim connects some personal names in ater- (ateronius, aterus, aternus, also esuateros), but see ateratos for an alternative analysis.

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.