|Attestation:||BG·41.1 (ateriolaniakios) (1)|
|Word Type:||proper noun|
|Grammatical Categories:||nom. sg. masc.|
|Stem Class:||o, on|
|Morphemic Analysis:||ater-i̯-[os] or ater-i̯-ū|
|Phonemic Analysis:||aterio or ateriō|
Masculine individual name in the nominative. The ending is ambiguous. It may be analysed as a simple i̯o-derivation ateri̯os with loss of final -s, cf. Noric aterius in Delamarre 2007, or as an on-stem derived from a i̯o-stem ateri̯ū, with an individualising suffix, with either -ū > -ō or a Latinised ending -o. Though option 1 has better comparanda, option 2 is more likely in light of accompanying laniakios with its auslauting -s intact.
The base is most straightforwardly analysed as ater- < *φater- 'father'. Alternatively, we could segment ate-rii̯o- < *ati-φrii̯o- (< IE *priHo-; W rhydd) 'again free'. However, *ati- is only known to be combined with verbs and participles, not primary adjectives. Cf. maybe ateratos.
|Delamarre 2007||Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.|