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Attestation: BG·41.1 (ateriolaniakios) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: o, on

Morphemic Analysis: ater-i̯-[os] or ater-i̯-ū
Phonemic Analysis: aterio or ateriō
Meaning: 'Aterio'


Masculine individual name in the nominative. The ending is ambiguous. It may be analysed as a simple i̯o-derivation ateri̯os with loss of final -s, cf. Noric aterius in Delamarre 2007, or as an on-stem derived from a i̯o-stem ateri̯ū, with an individualising suffix, with either -ū > -ō or a Latinised ending -o. Though option 1 has better comparanda, option 2 is more likely in light of accompanying laniakios with its auslauting -s intact.

The base is most straightforwardly analysed as ater- < *φater- 'father'. Alternatively, we could segment ate-rii̯o- < *ati-φrii̯o- (< IE *priHo-; W rhydd) 'again free'. However, *ati- is only known to be combined with verbs and participles, not primary adjectives. Cf. maybe ateratos.


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.