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Attestation: BG·41.1 (ateriolaniakios) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: o, on

Morphemic Analysis: ater-(i)i̯-o(s) or ater-(i)i̯
Phonemic Analysis: /ater(i)o/ or /ater(i)ō/
Meaning: 'Aterio'


Masculine individual name in the nominative. The stem class should a priori be assumed to be o aterii̯os with loss of final -s (see The Cisalpine Celtic Languages) as attested in Latinised form in CIL III 12914 aterius (Raetia). The accompanying patronym laniakios, however, has final -s intact. Unless the loss of -s in the personal name is due to its position within the phrase, we can consider an on-stem ater(i)i̯ū with either (very badly supported) -ū > -ō or a Latinised ending -ō (though in the latter case, again, a Latinised patronym laniakius might be expected.

The base is most straightforwardly analysed as ater- 'father'. An alternative segmentation into preverb ate- + rii̯- 'free' ('free again') (cf. ateratos) is questionable, since ate- is combined with verbs and participles, not primary adjectives.

Corinna Salomon


CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)