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Type: lexical
Meaning: unknown
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: unknown
Attestation: inutu, tutio(


Base of Gaulish personal names, e.g. duta, dutia, duttius, etc. (AcS I: 1388, Delamarre 2007: 92), also as second element in compounds: CIL XII 4223 menmandutis (theonym, dat. pl.), uadutio, indutio etc. (DLG: 190 f. s.v. indutio-) and possibly lexical in obscure duti on the Chartres defixio. It is doubtful whether all these instances of dut- have the same meaning and etymology, and the original stem class is uncertain. PIE roots from which Celtic dut-/dūt- could be derived (with t-suffix) are collected by Repanšek 2013: 188 f. (discussing duti; cf. also Repanšek 2015). Of the eight candidates, only *deh₂u̯- 'ignite' (LIV²: 104) is securely attested in the Celtic branch, but without metathesis. Repanšek suggests a derivation from *deh₃u̯- (enlarged *deh₃- 'give', LIV²: 107), which is attested, metathetised, in Umbrian -dito- < *duh₃-tó- 'given' (cf. Lambert 2013: 152). A semantically plausible option for the personal names is *dʰeu̯- 'run' (LIV²: 147), cf. rit-, king-. See further the etymologies for indut-.

Corinna Salomon


AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896–1907.
CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.