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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'meagre, spare'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /kol/-
Attestation: koilios


Lexically in OIr. coil, MW cul 'meagre, lean, narrow'; Pokorny IEW: 610 compares Latv. kaîls 'naked' and reconstructs PIE *koi̯(H)-lo- 'lean', but the connection is questionable (see Matasović 2009: 220, LEIA: C-6). The word is not certainly attested as an onomastic element, but cf. maybe Latinised coelus at La Graufesenque (OCK: X), DAG: 208 coilanus and CIL I 2398 coili (Hispania Baetica); see DLG: 121.

Corinna Salomon


CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
DAG Joshua Whatmough, The Dialects of Ancient Gaul. Prolegomena and Records of the Dialects, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 1970.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.