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Attestation: BI·8 (sipiu koil[ ]ios) (1)
Status: uncertain
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: patronymic

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: i̯o

Morphemic Analysis: koi̯l-(i)i̯-os
Phonemic Analysis: /kol(i)os/
Meaning: '(son) of Koil(i)os'


See the inscription page on the reading.

If read correctly, the sequence is a patronym in -(i)i̯- formed from a personal name koi̯los or koi̯l(i)i̯os, conceivably from the base koi̯l- 'meagre', though it is not well attested in onomastics; cf. maybe Latinised coelus at La Graufesenque (OCK: X) and CIL I 2398 coili (Hispania Baetica) (DLG: 121). Cf. Cresci Marrone & Solinas 2013: 29, who alternatively suggest as connection with MW coel 'portent' etc., OBret. coel gl. haruspicem, etc., but these forms go back to PC *kai̯lo- (Matasović 2009: 197 f.).

Corinna Salomon


CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
Cresci Marrone & Solinas 2013 Giovannella Cresci Marrone, Patrizia Solinas, Microstorie di romanizzazione. Le iscrizioni del sepolcreto rurale di Cerrione, Venezia: Edizioni Ca' Foscari 2013.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.