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Type: lexical
Meaning: 'form, shape, manner'
Language: Celtic
Phonemic analysis: /prit/-
From PIE: *kr̥-tu-
From Proto-Celtic: *kritu-
Attestation: pritua, prituli


For the morpheme's only attestation in Cisalpine Celtic, Solinas 2016: 377 suggests the base britu- listed in DLG: 89 as found in Gaulish PNN like brittus, britto, brittula (see also Delamarre 2007: 49), and compared with OIr. brith 'thought, judgement'. The lexeme, however, is an ā-stem PIE *bʰr̥-tā- > PC *bret- with lowering of the root vowel before a, the form brith being the old dative which replaced the nominative (Irslinger 2002: 387–390, Marchesini & Stifter 2018: 148). An i-stem PIE *bʰr̥-ti- is attested in MW bryd (Schumacher 2000: 71 f.), but no u-stems (though they have been considered, cf. Irslinger 2002: 390) are in evidence. Stifter (Marchesini & Stifter 2018: 148) therefore prefers a derivation from PIE *kr̥-tu- > PC *kritu- 'form' (LEIA: C-256, Irslinger 2002: 93 f.) > Gaul. pritu- as in names like prito, prittusa (DLG: 253, Delamarre 2007: 150). Delamarre DLG: 89 points out that b in names in brit(t)- may be influenced by the Latinised forms (brittones, britanni etc.) of a Celtic ethnonym which had k/p (*pritenī > OIr. cruithin, MW prydyn 'Picts', *pritanī > MW prydein 'Britain'; see LEIA: C-254 and O'Rahilly 1964: 444–452) and may be from the same base *krit-, but cf. LEIA: B-91 f., Irslinger 2002: 94.

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.