|Attestation:||NM·11 (kasiloi) (1)|
|Word Type:||proper noun|
|Morphemic Analysis:||kass-il(l)-oi̯ (?)|
|Phonemic Analysis:||/kassiloi̯/ or /kassilloi̯/|
See NM·11 on the reading.
The ending -oi ist best explained as the nominative plural of an o-stem -oi̯, possibly of an ethnonym. The morphology of the base, however, is that of a hypocoristic personal name (see the alternative reading kasilos). See Lejeune 1971: 129, who tentatively suggests (n. 452) a "hypocoristique d'ethnique" from an ethnonym in -casses, but see kass- on the semantic and functional separation of kassi- in personal names and -kasses in ethnonyms. Alternatively, Lejeune proposes the analysis of -oi as the dative singular ending PC -ōi̯, which would go better with the personal name (though the significance of a dative singular in a coin legend is unclear). The change of PC *-ōi̯ > -ūi̯, however, is attested much earlier in Lepontic and by the 1st c. in Cisalpine Gaulish. Cf. -oi in the coin legend rikoi, as well as riśoi and (unlikely) χoθioi.