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Attestation: MI·24 (kituaretos?) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name
Grammatical Categories: nom. masc.
Stem Class: o

Morphemic Analysis: kint-u-a-ret-os (?)
Phonemic Analysis: /kentaretos/ (?)
Meaning: 'Kituaretos'


Compound personal name with first element kintu- 'first' (cf. Casini & Motta 2011: 467); the latter part of the formation is unclear. A comparandum exists in the Galatian name centaretus (Pliny; also κεντοαράτης Aelianus, cintaretus Solinus; AcS I: 988 f., Freeman 2001: 37 f.), showing that the dental is /t/ rather than /d/. The second element could thus be ret- 'run, race' (rather than rēd- 'ride, drive'), but the function of -a- is unclear. Alternatively, ⟨u⟩ could reflect both the stem vowel and anlauting - of a second element *u̯ar-, which is sporadically attested in Gaulish onomastics (see Delamarre 2007: 235 and cf., unlikely, uarsileos) – kintu-u̯ar-et-os? The analysis of the second part as "deformed" ateratos suggested by Casini & Motta (ibid.) is not plausible.

Corinna Salomon


AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-Celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896-1907. (3 volumes)
Casini & Motta 2011 Stefania Casini, Filippo Motta, "Alcune iscrizioni preromane inedite da Milano", Notizie Archeologiche Bergomensi 19 (2011), 459–469.
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
Freeman 2001 Philip Freeman, The Galatian Language. A Comprehensive Survey of the Language of the Ancient Celts in Graeco-Roman Asia Minor [= Ancient Near Eastern Texts and Studies 13], Lampeter – Queenston: Edwin Mellen Press 2001.