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Attestation: UD·1 (pi·rị·χio) (1)
Status: probable
Language: prob. Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: i̯o

Morphemic Analysis: bir(r)-ik-(i)i̯-o(s)
Phonemic Analysis: birrik(i)o (?)
Meaning: 'Piriχio'


Interpreted as a Celtic o-stem PN with loss of final -s by Morandi 2004: 717 (no. 299). As the North Italic alphabets do not mark geminates, the base may be birr- 'short' and the name a derivation from birros → 'shorty'. Morandi compares pirakos and pirauiχeś, as well as piricatius (CIL X 899, Pompei) (already Morandi 2001: 9), which is listed as Celtic in AcS II: 1007. The latter example may serve as marginal evidence for the suffix variant -ik- instead of -āk- in the frequent names in birak-. (See the inscription page on the unverifiable possibility of reading piraχio as in biracius CIL XIII 6776, Mainz). If piriχio is a variant of piraχio and belongs with the birak-names, the base is unlikely to be birr- (see pirakos).

Corinna Salomon


AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896–1907.