|Alternative Names:||Bèrghem, Wälsch-Bergen|
|Coordinates:||45° 42' 14.75" N, 9° 39' 46.38" E|
|Website:||search for "Bergamo" on it.wikipedia.org|
|Field names:||Piazza Mercato del Fieno, Via del Vagine, Vicolo Aquila Nera|
|Objects:||BG·1 Bergamo (pot), BG·2 Bergamo (bowl), BG·3 Bergamo (bowl), BG·4 Bergamo (bowl), BG·5 Bergamo (beaker), BG·6 Bergamo (bowl), BG·7 Bergamo (vase), BG·8 Bergamo (bowl), BG·9 Bergamo (pot), BG·10 Bergamo (bowl), BG·11 Bergamo (cup), BG·12 Bergamo (cup), BG·13 Bergamo (unknown), BG·14 Bergamo (pot), BG·42 Bergamo (bowl), BG·43 Bergamo (pot), BG·44 Bergamo (pot), BG·45 Bergamo (pot), BG·46 Bergamo (bowl), BG·47 Bergamo (pot), BG·48 Bergamo (bowl)|
|Museums:||Civico Museo Archeologico (Bergamo), Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Lombardia (Bergamo)|
Ancient Bergamo (today's Città Alta) is situated at 380 a.s.l. on an Alpine foothill dominating the surrounding plain, at a strategically important spot on the Brescia–Como route along the southern foot of the mountains, controlling the outlets of the valleys of both Serio and Brembo. Though the area around the hill and possibly also the hill itself had been settled since the Neolithic, the proto-urban centre was founded by Golaseccan Celts in the late 6th century (Golasecca II B) in the course of an expansion of Golaseccan settlement to the east (see also Como, Milano, Brescia). The Celtic settlement appears to have already covered the same area as the later Roman and mediaeval cities, and flourished in the 5th century (Golasecca III A). In the course of the 4th century, finds become rarer; the settlement appears to have been drastically reduced, if not abandoned. There does exist a continuity of structures between the Golaseccan settlement and the Roman city; a significant number of La Tène finds to indicate an influx to or takeover of the settlement by Gauls are absent. In the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, a renewed acitivity is marked by Roman and late La Tène finds: the city was taken by the Romans in 196 BC and called Bergomum; it became a municipium in 49 BC. (Poggiani Keller 2007: 165–189)
Systematic excavations in the Città Alta of Bergamo were only begun in the 1980s; see Poggiani Keller 2007: 167 with a map in fig. 164 for an overview.