TI·19 Giubiasco

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Classification: helmet
Archaeological Type: Negau (Alpine type Sanzeno variant)

Material: bronze
Size: height 23.7 cm, diam. 25.3 x 24.3 cm
Condition: complete
Autopsy by: Corinna Salomon
Date of autopsy: Jul 20 2021

Archaeological culture: La Tène B 2, La Tène C, La Tène D
Date: 3rd–1st c. BC
Date derived from: typology

Site: Giubiasco (fraction of: Bellinzona, Ticino, Switzerland)
Field name: Giubiasco necropolis
Archaeological context: "grave" 262
Coordinates (approx.): 46° 10' 22.80" N, 9° 0' 39.60" E [from site]
Find date: in or before 1901
Find circumstances: unknown
Finder: unknown
Current location: Schweizerisches Nationalmuseum (Zürich)
Inventory no.: 15319

Inscription: TI·19 (iiu·o·tove)

Alternative sigla: Motta 2000: 28
Morandi 2004: 20

Sources: Morandi 2004: 529 f. no. 20



Images in Ulrich 1914 II: Taf. LXXX.2, 2a (photos), Egg 1986: 149, Abb. 17 (detail drawings), Taf. 285, 286a (photos).

The Negau helmet (Alpine type, Sanzeno variant) is one of the objects claimed by Domenico Pini to have been excavated by him in June/July 1901 at the Giubiasco necropolis, but may have been bought, or found at nearby Pianezzo (Tori et al. 2004: 27 f., 64 f., 69). The forged grave complex is described in Tori et al. 2004: 250. Detailed description of the helmet in Egg 1986: 148, no. 375. The Sanzeno Werkstattkreis being associated with the Fritzens-Sanzeno culture in Südtirol and the Trentino, Egg (p. 109 f.) considers the two helmets from Giubiasco (also no. 374) to be imports. See also Ulrich 1914 I: 617.

The dating follows Egg 1986: 102–111 for Negau helmets of the Alpine type with Flechtband decoration, specimens of the Sanzeno variant being attested from LT B2 onward. Motta 2000: 216, no. 28 gives the middle of the 4th–middle of the 2nd c. BC, Morandi 2004 the 4th–3rd c. BC.

Corinna Salomon


Egg 1986 Markus Egg, Italische Helme. Studien zu den ältereisenzeitlichen Helmen Italiens und der Alpen. Teil 1: Text, Teil 2: Tafeln, Mainz: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum 1986.