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Attestation: MI·22 (ạṛḳị) (1)
Status: probable
Language: prob. Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: gen. sg. masc.
Stem Class: o, i̯o

Morphemic Analysis: ark(-(i)i̯)
Phonemic Analysis: /ark/g(i)ī/
Meaning: 'of Ark(i)os'


See the inscription page on problems with the reading.

If correct, the form is most likely a personal name in the genitive. The base could be ark- or arg-. Names in ark- are quite well attested (e.g. arco, arcello, arcisus, Delamarre 2007: 24 f.), but mainly on the Iberian peninsula; Delamarre 2007: 211 suggests that the base is the Celtiberian equivalent of Gaul. art- with different simplification of the consonant cluster. Names in arg- are mostly formed with the word arganto- 'silver', but Delamarre 2007: 25, 211 also lists argiotalus, which is probably formed with unsuffixed argi̯o- 'white' ('having a white forehead' as in *u̯indotali̯os in the Raetic inscription CE-1.5 vinutalina; cf. DLG: 54, Matasović 2009: 41 f.); a short name from a compound in arganto- is also possible.

Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.