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Attestation: PD·2 (artebuθzbroχθui) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg.

Morphemic Analysis: art-e-bou̯d-[o]s/[i]s or arte-buđ-s
Phonemic Analysis: /artebūds/ or /artebu?s/
Meaning: 'Artebuθz'


Eichner in Eichner et al. 1994: 136 f. identifies a compound Celtic name arte-bou̯d-[o]s/[i]s with weakened stem vowel /e/ from /i/ or /o/ in the first and syncopated stem vowel in the second element, and tentatively suggests *arti̯o-bou̯d-o/is 'who gains victory with the help of the bear goddess (Artio)'. DLG: 95 proposes as second element buđ- → 'penis of/like a bear' (or 'lips like a bear'). The latter analysis may account for the unexpected spelling of the auslaut with zeta as a reflex of the complex cluster resulting from tau gallicum plus the ending -(o)s.

Considering the easterly find place of the attestation and its late dating, the name is hardly Cisalpine Gaulish, but rather belongs to an Ambi-Danubian Celtic (Tauriscan?) filum.

Corinna Salomon


DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
Eichner et al. 1994 Heiner Eichner, Janka Istenič, Milan Lovenjak, "Ein römerzeitliches Keramikgefäß aus Ptuj (Pettau, Poetovio) in Slowenien mit Inschrift in unbekanntem Alphabet und epichorischer (vermutlich keltischer) Sprache", Arheološki vestnik 45 (1994), 131–142.