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Attestation: TI·40 (komoneos/uarsileos), TI·42 (minuku:komoneos) (2)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: patronymic

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: on

Morphemic Analysis: kom-on-(i)i̯-os
Phonemic Analysis: /kom(m)oneos/
Meaning: 'son of Komu' > 'Komoneos'


Attested twice in identical form in the corpus, though the forms appear to have different functions.

In TI·42, komoneos can be analysed and interpreted as a patronym in -(i)i̯o- from an on-stem personal name komū. Thus Rhŷs 1913: 18, Danielsson 1909: 23, n. 3, Lejeune 1971: 52 with n. 128, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 140, Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 161, Motta 2000: 205, Stifter 2020: 27, Stifter 2020b: 356). The suffix is spelled ⟨eo⟩ as occasionally attested in Transalpine Gaulish (see the morpheme page), evidence for the lowering on unstressed /i/; cf. uarsileos. For the base, possibly a short name derived from a compound with first element kom-, cf. como, also comio, RIG L-135 comios, RIIG VAU-14-01 (RIG G-154) κομμου (dat.), comm(i)us, and (uncertain) koma at Giubiasco (cf. Lejeune 1971: 63 f., n. 207, Delamarre 2007: 70 f.). Delamarre 2007: 227 analyses the name as kom- + mono- '?' (thus an o- rather than an on-stem). The underlying name komonos (genitive or, according to Delamarre's interpretation, nominative) is attested in a contemporary inscription.

In TI·40, komoneos is usually considered to be the same formation as in TI·42, but developed to a personal name (Lejeune 1971: 53, Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 151, Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 161 f., Motta 2000: 205), but see the inscription page for different interpretations, and cf. anareuiśeos.

See also Markey & Mees 2003: 140, who consider the possibilities that komoneos is the patronym also in TI·40, and that ⟨eos⟩ could reflect the genitive singular ending of an i-stem -ēos as tentatively posited by Lambert 1994: 59 in any one of the cases on hand.

Corinna Salomon


Danielsson 1909 Olof August Danielsson, Zu den venetischen und lepontischen Inschriften [= Skrifter utgivna av Kungliga Humanistiska Vetenskaps-Samfundet i Uppsala 13.1], Uppsala – Leipzig: 1909.
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.