From Lexicon Leponticum
Jump to navigationJump to search

Attestation: TV·1 (:pazros:pompeteχuaios/kaialoiso) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: o

Morphemic Analysis: padr-os
Phonemic Analysis: /padros/
Meaning: 'Pazros'


Personal name in the nominative; etymology of the base under debate. Prosdocimi & Marinetti 1991: 423 f. (elaborating Prosdocimi 1984c: 437 f., Prosdocimi 1987: 579 and Prosdocimi 1988: 305 f.) suggest *kətu̯r-o- > Celtic *kadro- 'fourth' with epenthetic /a/ and -tu̯r- > -dr- with sonorisation of the dental by /u̯/. Eska & Wallace 1999: 128 f. point out that the attested Celtic forms for '4' and related words do not agree with Prosdocimi's reconstruction: the ordinal continues *ketu̯or-i̯o- (Gaul. petuarios DLG s.v., MW petuyryd/petuared), the Gaulish combinatory form is well-attested petru- (e.g. petrudecameto '14', the ethnonym petrucorii > Périgord, petrumantalon 'crossroads', *petruroton → Lat. petorritum 'four-wheeler', as well as in personal names petrullus, petronia, petrusonia, see DLG: 250 f.). Considering that both /a/ in the root and especially /dr/ are characteristic for the Latin combinatory form quadru-, Eska & Wallace 1999: 128 f. argue that the name padros is of Latin origin, being a loan from Lat. quadru- (or already a Latin PN *quadros) with P-Celtic sound substitution /k/ > /p/. Prosdocimi 1987: 579 (also Prosdocimi 1988: 305 f.) compares G-106 κουαδρουνια, arguing that two similar attestations point to a Celtic form, but κουαδρου- (mid-1st c. BC) must certainly be loaned from Latin because of anlauting /k/ (cf. Lat. cognomen quadratus, nomen quadronius, RIG I: 120).

Corinna Salomon


DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
Eska & Wallace 1999 Joseph Francis Eska, Rex E. Wallace, "The linguistic milieu of *Oderzo 7", Historische Sprachforschung 112 (1999), 122-136.