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Attestation: GR·1 (]ualaunal/]raṇeni) (1)
Status: probable
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: prob. patronymic

Grammatical Categories: gen. sg. masc.
Stem Class: o, i̯o

Morphemic Analysis: ran-en
Phonemic Analysis: /randenī/ (?)
Meaning: 'son of Ranen(i)os' (?)


Reading not quite certain and possibly incomplete in the beginning, see the inscription page.

If Celtic, the form must be a genitive in ; due to the non-obvious structure of the text, specifically the form's relation to the other word in the inscription, it is not entirely certain that the form is a patronym (as opposed to a genitive '(stela) of Ranen(i)os).

Good Gaulish onomastic comparanda are sparse; the best candidate is rand- as in the epithet of Mars randosatis (CIL XIII 1516) and the personal name ueniranda (CIL X 2940), maybe also rannius (CIL XIII 10001) with assimilation, but cf. also ranocorus (CIIC 458) (see AcS II: 1073, Delamarre 2007: 151, 229; cf. Lejeune 1971: 64, n. 216). Delamarre (DLG: 164 f. s.v. equoranda, following LEIA: R-7) speculates about a connection of Gaul. rand- with OIr. rann, W rhan 'division, part', though this is questionable etymologically (IE *pr̥sh₃nā? The putative Gaulish comparandum is not mentioned in Matasović 2009: 138 f. s.v. *frasnā.) The form seems to be derived with the suffix -en-.

Corinna Salomon


AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896–1907.
CIIC R[obert] A[lexander] S[tewart] Macalister, Corpus inscriptionum insularum Celticarum, Dublin: Stationery Office 1945–1949.
CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.