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Attestation: MI·15 (seuuonis) (1)
Language: Celtic
adapted to: Latin
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: gen. sg.
Stem Class: on

Morphemic Analysis: seuu̯-ōnis
Phonemic Analysis: /seuōnis/ (?)
Meaning: 'of Seuuo'


Latinised Celtic on-stem personal name *seuu̯seuu̯ō in the genitive (cf. Salomon 2023: 28). A Celtic element seuu̯- (or seu̯u-?), always spelled with double upsilon, is attested in a few Gaulish personal names, viz. seuu̯ā (seuuae gen.) in Geneva, twice seuu̯ō (seuuo, potter's name at Lezoux and at Strasbourg; more in AcS II: 1530), and seuuanti[ at Trèves (Delamarre 2007: 167 f.). For the latter, Delamarre suggests an etymology with first element sego- and second element u̯anti- '?'; seuu̯ā, seuu̯ū etc. could be hypocoristics of such compounds with any second element in -, lenited /g/ and assimilated stem vowel. This can explain /e/ before /u̯/ (or /u/), since inherited /eu̯/ should have become /ou̯/; alternatively, the root vowel may be long (sēuu̯-).

Corinna Salomon


AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896–1907.
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.