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Attestation: TI·41 (alkouinos/aśkoneti) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: o

Morphemic Analysis: alk-o-u̯ind-os
Phonemic Analysis: /alkoindos/
Meaning: 'Alkouinos'


Compound personal name in the nominative, also attested in Gaulish CIL XIII 1551 alcovindo (Rodez). The second element is u̯ind- 'bright, white, fair' with */nd/ spelled with nu as usual in Cisalpine Celtic (see The Cisalpine Celtic Languages). The first element alko- is opaque; the oft-cited connection with the elk-word goes back to KGP: 121. Cf. alkouesi and see the morpheme page for details. See also Pauli 1885: 92, Kretschmer 1905: 103, Danielsson 1909: 25, Rhŷs 1913: 20 ('who carries a white shield'), Lejeune 1971: 55 f., Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 151 ('dalle bianche corna'), Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 162, no. 9, Prósper 1998: 147 f., Motta 2000: 204, no. 10, Villar & Prósper 2005: 225 ('blanco como un ciervo'), Uhlich 2007: 384, Delamarre 2007: 17.

Corinna Salomon


CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
Danielsson 1909 Olof August Danielsson, Zu den venetischen und lepontischen Inschriften [= Skrifter utgivna av Kungliga Humanistiska Vetenskaps-Samfundet i Uppsala 13.1], Uppsala – Leipzig: 1909.
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.