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Attestation: TI·49 (inutu) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg.
Stem Class: on

Morphemic Analysis: in-dut
Phonemic Analysis: /innutū/
Meaning: 'Inutu'


Celtic on-stem personal name in the nominative with base indut, either a hypocorism of a compound (indutiomarus in literary sources, CIL XII 5884 indutiom[, RIIG BDR-12-08 (RIG G-70) ε̣ιν̣δ̣ο[υ]|τιορειξ, possibly also VAU-02-01 (G-111) [ιν]δου[τ]|[ι]οριγς) or and individualising derivation directly from the presumably noun, cf. RIIG BDR-12-02 ινδουτιλo[ς], VAU-16-01 ινδουτιλ|o (cf. Mullen 2013: 182–189), indus, indutius, indutio, indutus, indutilli, indutissa (see AcS II: 41–45, KGP: 226, GPN: 96–98, Delamarre 2007: 223 et passim, Falileyev 2014: 128 f.). The form appears to be a compound of in- 'in' and dut- of unclear meaning and etymology, possibly the same as in names like dutia, duttius etc. See GPN for older literature. Delamarre DLG: 190 f., assuming a meaning related to juridical matters based on the comparison with Lat. indūtiae 'armistice' (also of uncertain etymology), proposes an etymology *én(i)-dhō-t-s from the PIE root *dheh₁- 'put, make' → 'who has the law within him' (cf. Lambert 2013: 152 with the same analysis for the second element of the theonym menmandotis (Lat. dat. pl.) 'qui applique son esprit'). Formally preferable is the root *deh₃- 'give', cf. Lat. sacerdōs (NIL: 63 f., n. 8 with literature). Both options require the stress to be on en- to allow ō > ū in unstressed position; this severs the connection with the unprefixed dut-names (unless they have ū through backformation, as proposed by Delamarre). See dut- for further etymology options involving roots which contain u; Weiss (via Beekes 2010) suggests a deriviation of Lat. indūtiae from the root *deu̯h₂- 'to be able, arrange'.

David Stifter, Corinna Salomon


AcS Alfred Holder, Alt-Celtischer Sprachschatz, Leipzig: Teubner 1896-1907. (3 volumes)
Beekes 2010 Robert Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek [= Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series 10], Leiden/Boston: Brill 2010. (2 volumes)
CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
Falileyev 2014 Alexander Falileyev, "The Gaulish Word for 'Thin' and Some Personal Names from Roman Siscia", Studia Celtica 48 (2014), 107–137.
GPN David Ellis Evans, Gaulish Personal Names. A Study of Continental Celtic Formations., Oxford: Clarendon Press 1967.