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Attestation: NO·27 (komeuioṣ/kalatikn/os) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: patronymic

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: o

Morphemic Analysis: galat-ikn-os
Phonemic Analysis: /galatiknos/
Meaning: 'son of Galatos' or 'son of the Galatian'


Patronym in -iknos. The base could in principle be kalat- or galat-. Gambari 2007: 257 suggests kal-et- 'hard, stern' as attested in Gaulish ethnonmys (caletes etc.) and personal names (caletius etc.) – see kal- – which he derives from a base kala- 'stone', but see Joseph 1982: 40, who proposes an etymology PIE *kl̥H-et-o- 'cold' (cf. Irslinger 2002: 46 f., Matasović 2009: 185, DLG: 98).

The base is better read galat- and identified directly with the ethnonym Gr. γαλάτης, pl. γαλάται ← Celtic *galatis 'endowed with power' (see galat-). galatiknos could be derived from the ethnonym itself ('son of the Galatian') or a derived personal name galatos (thus also Gambari 2011: 27), as attested as the name of a Boian king in Polyb. II 21, 1–5 (died 225 BC). Cf. Meid 2005: 195 f., who suggests that personal names like gallus, gallius etc. are derived from the ethnonym gallus, pl. galli, but still carry the semantics of the appellative base; this may also be true of galatos. For individual names derived from ethnonyms cf. eluveitie and possibly pelkui.

Corinna Salomon


DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.
Gambari 2007 Filippo M. Gambari, "Dormelletto. I documenti epigrafici in celtico cisalpino", Quaderni della Soprintendenza Archeologica del Piemonte 22 (2007), 256–259.
Gambari 2011 Filippo Maria Gambari, "Le pietre dei signori del fiume: il cippo iscritto e le stele del primo periodo della cultura di Golasecca", in: Filippo Maria Gambari, Raffaella Cerri (eds), L'alba della città. Le prime necropoli del centro protourbano di Castelletto Ticino, Novara: 2011, 19–32.