From Lexicon Leponticum
Jump to navigationJump to search

Attestation: VS·1 (ritiliọ[/]iponiạ) (1)
Status: uncertain
Language: perhaps Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg.
Stem Class: i̯ā

Morphemic Analysis: ]ip-on-(i)i̯
Phonemic Analysis: /??on(i)ā/
Meaning: ']iponia'


See the inscription page on the difficult reading.

If correct, the form can be interpreted as a (i)i̯ā-stem personal name derived from an on-stem short name (cf. Stüber 2005: 72 f.). The base, possibly incomplete, is unidentifiable; the only comparandum in Delamarre 2007 is nibonia (p. 141), which is epigraphically impossible. If /i/ is assumed to be raised /e/ (for which there is no regular phonetic context, but cf. ritilio(), the base might be epo- 'horse', cf. eppo, epponus (Delamarre 2007: 97). Possibly connected with PIE *i̯e/ok-r/n- 'liver, roe' (NIL: 392–395) → *ikon- (colour-word? cf. NIL: 394, n. 13).

David Stifter, Corinna Salomon


Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.