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Attestation: VS·1 (ritiliọ[/]iponiạ) (1)
Status: probable
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: i̯o

Morphemic Analysis: ritil(l)-i̯-o(s)
Phonemic Analysis: /ritilos/ or /ritillo/
Meaning: 'Ritilio(s)'


See the inscription page on issues with the reading.

If correct, the sequence is a personal name derived from the base ritu- with the suffix -il(l)-. This is irregular insofar as the suffix variant expected to appear with an u-stem is -ul(l)- (cf. ritulla in Noricum, Delamarre 2007: 154), but the vowel does not always correspond to the stem vowel of the base (and an o-stem variant of the base also exists). Rubat Borel & Paccolat 2008: 131 compares retilius (CIL V 4753, Brescia) and retillos (CIL XII 4139), but the base lacks the phonetic context for a raising of /e/ to /i/ (but see )iponia). The ending may be -o with apocope of final /s/, unless sigma did follow in the fragmentary inscription. Due to the missing context, it cannot be excluded that the form is a patronym in -ii̯o-.

Corinna Salomon


CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.