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Reading in transliteration: amu?
Reading in original script: ?U sM5 sA6 s
Variant reading: aśu?
?U sŚ2 sA6 s

Object: TI·7 Giubiasco (pot)
Position: foot, outside
Direction of writing: ambiguous
Script: unknown
Letter height: 1.1–2.1 cm0.433 in <br />0.827 in <br />
Number of letters: 4
Number of words: 1
Number of lines: 1
Workmanship: scratched after firing
Condition: complete

Archaeological culture: Augustan [from object]
Date of inscription: late 1st c. BC–early 1st c. AD [from object]

Type: unknown
Language: unknown
Meaning: unknown

Alternative sigla: Whatmough 1933 (PID): 256
Solinas 1995: 4
Morandi 2004: 8

Sources: Morandi 2004: 523 no. 8



First published in Herbig 1906: 190, no. 7. Examined for LexLep on 18th August 2021.

Images in Herbig 1906: 190, no. 7 (drawing), Rhŷs 1913: tav. IV (photo), Crivelli 1973b: tav. 8.10 (drawing), Crivelli 1977: tav. 1 (drawing), Morandi 1999: 162, no. 5 (drawing) and pl. III.2 (photo = Morandi 2004: tav. V.8), Morandi 2004: 525, fig. 8.8 (drawing).

Inscribed on the bottom of the vessel (length 3.1 cm). The only clear letter is large M5 s in the middle, which determines the orientation. The rightmost letter A6 s is usually read as alpha without a bar, as attested in Latin cursive. Herbig reads sinistroverse amui, judging the scratch on the very left to be non-intentional, while Rhŷs 1913: 51, n. 8 includes it and reads auma or amua (cf. Crivelli 1943: 53). Whatmough 1933: 75 f., no. 256 and Lejeune 1971: 49, 63 follow Herbig, though the former interprets the scratch on the left as a punct amui·. aśui is suggested by Tibiletti Bruno 1975b: 54 and 1978: 143, followed by Solinas 1995: 322, no. 4 and Morandi 1999: 162, no. 5 (also 2004, where he suggests alternative addL1 sU sŚ2 sA6 s aśul with Greek lambda, cf. TI·4).

The scratch on the left is certainly intentional, which excludes a dative ending -ūi̯. Rhŷs' readings could be interpreted as ā-stem personal names, but the reading of the leftmost, somewhat squeezed-in letter is uncertain. M5 s, which occurs three times in inscriptions (potentially) from Giubiasco (TI·5 arimai, TI·9 remu), is more likely to be Latin mu than a form of san which is otherwise unattested in the Lepontic alphabet (see Ś for a detailed discussion). There are no clear Lepontic features in the inscription.

Corinna Salomon


Crivelli 1943 Aldo Crivelli, Atlante preistorico e storico della Svizzera Italiana. Vol. 1: Dalle origini alla civiltà romana, Bellinzona: Istituto Editoriale Ticinese 1943.
Crivelli 1973b Aldo Crivelli, "Cronologia protostorica della Valpadana dal IV al I sec. a.C.", Rivista Archeologica dell'Antica Provincia e Diocesi di Como 152–155 (1970–1973), 427–474.
Crivelli 1977 Aldo Crivelli, "La necropoli di Giubiasco", Rivista Archeologica dell'Antica Provincia e Diocesi di Como 159 (1977), 5–98.