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Reading in transliteration: surica / ciponis / f
Reading in original script: S6 dU dR6 dI dC dA25 d
C dI dP6 dO2 dN6 dI dS6 d
      V4 d
Variant reading: surica / cipośis / f
S6 dU dR6 dI dC dA25 d
C dI dP6 dO2 dŚ dI dS6 d
      V4 d

Object: VB·30 Stresa (stela)
Position: top, front
Direction of writing: dextroverse
Script: Latin script
Letter height: 5.5–8 cm2.165 in <br />3.15 in <br />
Number of letters: 14
Number of words: 3
Number of lines: 3
Workmanship: carved
Condition: complete

Archaeological culture: Augustan, Tiberian [from object]
Date of inscription: late 1st c. BC–early 1st c. AD [from object]

Type: funerary
Language: Latin
Meaning: 'Surica daughter of Cipo' (?)

Alternative sigla: Whatmough 1933 (PID): note xvii (a)
Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 18b
Morandi 2004: 73

Sources: Morandi 2004: 569 no. 73



First published in Ferrero 1889: 261 (b). Examined for LexLep on 20th April 2024.

Images in Ferrero 1889: 261 (drawing), Ponti 1896: 155, no. 192 (drawing from Fabretti's calque), Ferrero 1897: 59 (drawing from Fabretti's calque), Caramella & De Giuli 1993: 211 (drawing).

Inscribed in three centered lines in the upper area of the stela (length line 1 30 cm, line 2 34 cm); well legible despite surface damage. The script is Latin, some letters are executed with serifs. The reading of the fifth letter in line 2 as a xenograph san goes back to De-Vit/Ferrero and is accepted by most scholars, see Ponti 1896: 155–157, Ferrero 1897: 59, no. 4, Pauli 1891: 158, Danielsson 1909: 27, n. 2, Rhŷs 1913: 55 f., Whatmough PID 108, note xvii (a), Tibiletti Bruno 1978: 154, Tibiletti Bruno 1981: 173, no. 18b, Morandi 2004: 569, no. 73. Cf., however, Schürr 2007 on san in the Voltino inscription saśadis, who (p. 340 f., 343) points out that the letter in the present inscription could be a corrected nu and the name an on-stem genitive ciponis (as in VB·21 moconis, VB·24 diuconis, VB·25 artonis). Note the tendency toward inverted/retrograde nu in the alphabetically Lepontic Stresa inscriptions (VB·22, VB·26, VB·27), which may have caused confusion. Mainardis 2009: 344 suggests that the V4 d for filius is written in a third line because it was felt to be a novel addition to the traditionally two-word name formulae.

The text is a Latinised name formula with individual name and filiation; both names are etymologically Celtic (see the word pages).

See the object page on the dating.

See also Untermann 1959: 94, Untermann 1960: 280, 302, Tibiletti Bruno 1990: 65.


Caramella & De Giuli 1993 Pierangelo Caramella, Alberto De Giuli, Archeologia dell'Alto Novarese, Mergozzo: Antiquarium Mergozzo 1993.
Danielsson 1909 Olof August Danielsson, Zu den venetischen und lepontischen Inschriften [= Skrifter utgivna av Kungliga Humanistiska Vetenskaps-Samfundet i Uppsala 13.1], Uppsala – Leipzig: 1909.
Ferrero 1889 Ermanno Ferrero, "Regione XI. (Transpadana)", Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità (1889), 261–262.
Ferrero 1897 Ermanno Ferrero, "Iscrizioni di Chignolo Verbano", Atti della Società di Archeologia e Belle Arti per la provincia di Torino 7 (1897), 56–60.