From Lexicon Leponticum
Revision as of 00:28, 7 October 2022 by Corinna Salomon (talk | contribs)
Jump to navigationJump to search

Attestation: TI·21 (ateratos) (1)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: o

Morphemic Analysis: ate-rat-os or ater-at-os
Phonemic Analysis: /ateratos/ (?)
Meaning: 'Ateratos'


o-stem personal name, also attested in CIL XIII 11090 ateratus (dat. aterato, Bourges, Aquitania), of uncertain analysis.
Option 1: base ater- 'father' + suffix -at-, thus Tibiletti Bruno 1966: 23 f., 1978: 144 and 1981: 158 f., Morandi 1999: 168, Morandi 2004: 531 (no. 21).
Option 2: prefix ate- + rato- 'fortune', thus KGP: 57 (who translates '(he who is) beyond luck'), 257, GPN: 144, 240, Lejeune 1971: 54, Motta 2000: 215, GPN: 255, Delamarre 2007: 229.
Numerous (probably) Celtic names in what looks like ater- + ending or suffix, e.g. aterio at Carona, atera, aterus (taken for an Italic/Etruscan name by Lochner von Hüttenbach 1989: 20), aterius, aterissa, ateronius (CIL V 6518, Novara), ateronia (CIL V 6520, Novara), point toward option 1, though all of these could theoretically be hypocoristics and derivations of a prefixed ate-ratos. The putative suffix -at- is known from names with Celtic base in the Milano area, but not overall common in Gaulish personal names. Option 2 is supported by comparison with other names with prefix ate- and a passive participle, like ategnatos lit. 'reborn', ateuritus lit. 'found again', ate-ratos thus lit. 'granted again'.

David Stifter, Corinna Salomon


CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
Delamarre 2007 Xavier Delamarre, Noms de personnes celtiques dans l'épigraphie classique. Nomina Celtica Antiqua Selecta Inscriptionum, Paris: Errance 2007.