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Attestation: NO·21.1 (tanotaliknoi/kuitos/lekatos/anokopokios/setupokios/esanekoti/anareuiśeos/tanotalos/karnitus), TI·23 (setupokios) (2)
Language: Celtic
Word Type: proper noun
Semantic Field: personal name

Grammatical Categories: nom. sg. masc.
Stem Class: i̯o

Morphemic Analysis: set-u-bog-i̯-os or sent-u-bog-i̯-os
Phonemic Analysis: /setubogos/ or /sentubogos/
Meaning: 'Setupokios'


Dithematic personal name which is attested repeatedly in the Cisalpine Celtic corpus (cf. also abbreviated setupk). While the second element can be clearly identified as the common Gaulish bogi̯o- 'striker', two options are feasible for the first. Schmidt 1991: 363 and Delamarre DLG: 271 identify it as sentu- 'path', with is attractive semantically: 'who beats a path [knowing the Gauls, probably through enemy lines]'. A name setubogius, however, is attested in Transalpine Gaul (CIL XIII 3487 setubogius [Amiens], RIG M-261 setubo[ [coin legend], and see setu- for further attestations of the base); Cisalpine Celtic ⟨setupokios⟩ is usually equated with this name (e.g. Tibiletti Bruno 1965b: 565, n. 25, Tibiletti Bruno 1965c, 86 f., Lejeune 1971: 55, n. 141, Motta 2000: 214).

Corinna Salomon


CIL Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. (17 volumes, various supplements)
DLG Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise. Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2nd, revised edition, Paris: Errance 2003.